Healers & Therapists News

Healers & Therapists News from June Meagher of AAMARHealing brings you the latest news from sources such as the BBC Health pages as well as the Green Med Info pages and Science Daily, we will be adding more news feeds shortly. Join the conversations on our LinkedIn group which has over 18,000 healers and therapists from around the globe and discover even more news and tips. If you have any news you would like to add to our website, please contact me and I can add it to our blog.

 

    • BBC News - Health
    • GreenMedInfo
    • Latest Science News -- ScienceDaily

    Infection rates are declining overall, but some regions are seeing a rise in cases. Read more

    Over-40s will be first in line from mid-April after the top nine priority groups receive one dose. Read more

    There was a 75% reduction in staff at Addenbrooke's Hospital testing positive after a vaccination. Read more

    The monarch, who had her first dose of the vaccine in January, said it "didn't hurt at all". Read more

    A bill to give ministers maternity pay will change, after peers reject the use of the term "person". Read more

    Symptoms left unchecked included lumps, changes to moles and coughing up blood, a survey finds. Read more

    The boss of outsourcer Serco says there are now as many people being tested per week as vaccinated. Read more

    It comes after DJ Jo Whiley's call for people like her sister to be vaccinated as soon as possible. Read more

    US regulators say Johnson and Johnson's single-shot vaccine is safe, and could be approved in days. Read more

    About 31,000 women will be offered the swab checks, which can help spot early signs of cervical cancer. Read more

    The vaccine-sharing scheme aims to help poorer countries like Ghana get Covid-19 jabs. Read more

    But it is too soon to say when social distancing rules will be relaxed, the health secretary says. Read more

    The high cost of fertility treatment leads some to find donors on social media, even though it's risky and could be illegal. Read more

    Some women who've had the condition have been told to shield while others have not. Read more

    Since the first case in northern Italy a year ago the lives of Europeans have been changed forever. Read more

    Dr John Wright says he's often asked which vaccine is best, but the answer is it's too early to say. Read more

    Jordan Charles went months with undiagnosed diabetes after contracting Covid-19. Read more

    Some volunteers in the UK will be deliberately infected with coronavirus in a "challenge trial". Read more

    Deaths are falling faster for the over-80s - but does that mean the vaccine is working? Read more

    Coronavirus has had a big impact on our mental health, but have services been able to keep up? Read more

    More people have been added to the clinically extremely vulnerable list in England. Why? Read more

    As the UK cautiously unlocks, experts will review the evidence on when and where masks are needed. Read more

    Two approved Covid vaccines are being rolled out across the UK. So when might you get one? Read more

    Why experts are concerned about the emergence of this particular new version of coronavirus. Read more

    The prime minister has announced a plan for how the lockdown will be lifted in England. Read more

    Explore the data on coronavirus in the UK and find out how many cases there are in your area. Read more

    What is it like to have the coronavirus, how will it affect you and how is it treated? Read more

    Some people across the UK have been able to form "support bubbles" or "extended households". Read more

    What are the tests for coronavirus, who are they for, and how do they work? Read more

    A new cough, fever and change in smell or taste are the key symptoms that mean you may have coronavirus. Read more

    Use our tool to check the meaning of key words and phrases associated with the Covid-19 outbreak. Read more

    While most people will have mild symptoms and recover quickly, some are more prone to getting sick. Read more

    With face masks in high demand, we look at whether they really can protect people from the virus. Read more

    After phase one is complete by mid-April, in what order will all other adults get the jab? Read more

    A nurse who died with Covid-19 inspired nearly her entire family to join the NHS. Read more

    Nearly 200,000 extremely clinically vulnerable young people have been offered their vaccine. Read more

    The body which advises the government on Coronavirus vaccines says everyone registered as having a learning disability is now eligible for a jab. Read more

    A global scheme aims to ensure people in poorer countries get vaccinated against Covid. Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Nutrients. 2021 Feb 8 ;13(2). Epub 2021 Feb 8. PMID: 33567596 Abstract Title:  Caffeic Acid Modulates Processes Associated with Intestinal Inflammation. Abstract:  Caffeic acid is one of the most abundant hydroxycinnamic acids in fruits, vegetables, and beverages. This phenolic compound reaches relevant concentrations in the colon (up to 126µM) where it could come into contact with the intestinal cells and exert its anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this investigation was to study the capacity of caffeic acid, at plausible concentrations from an in vivo point of view, to modulate mechanisms related to intestinal inflammation. Consequently, we tested the effects of caffeic acid (50-10 µM) on cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression and prostaglandin (PG)E, cytokines, and chemokines (IL-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 -MCP-1-, and IL-6) biosynthesis in IL-1β-treated human myofibroblasts of the colon, CCD-18Co. Furthermore, the capacity of caffeic acid to inhibit the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity, to hinder advanced glycation end product (AGE) formation, as well as its antioxidant, reducing, and chelating activity were also investigated. Our results showed that (i) caffeic acid targets COX-2 and its product PGEas well as the biosynthesis of IL-8 in the IL-1β-treated cells and (ii) inhibits AGE formation, which could be related to (iii) the high… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2019 ;15:2671-2680. Epub 2019 Sep 16. PMID: 31571883 Abstract Title:  Galuteolin attenuates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats via anti-apoptotic, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Abstract:  Purpose: Galuteolin is a substance extracted and purified from honeysuckle. The purpose of this study was to explore the protective effect of galuteolin on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) and reveal its potential molecular mechanism from the perspectives of anti-apoptosis, anti-oxidation, and anti-inflammation.Materials and methods: One hundred and fifty rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham group, ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) group, 50 mg/kg galuteolin group, 100 mg/kg galuteolin group, and 200 mg/kg galuteolin group. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was used to establish a rat CIRI model, different doses of galtenolin were intraperitoneal injected 2 hrs after ischemia, and then reperfusion was performed for 24 hrs. Neurological function and cerebral water content were determined, and cerebral infarct volume was evaluated by TTC staining. TUNEL staining was used to detect the apoptosis of nerve cells. Western Blot was used to detect the expressions of Akt, p-Akt, Sod1, Sod2, catalase, caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax. Lipid hydrogen peroxide (LPO) was determined by kit assay. The contents of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β… Read more

    - GMI reporter

    An Evidence-Based Position Paper to Ensure Ethical Conduct Read more

    - GMI reporter
    COVID-19: Restoring Public Trust During A Global Health Crisis

    An Evidence-Based Position Paper to Ensure Ethical Conduct During our investigation into the variety of topics this manuscript covers, a theme began to stand out as a consistent concern.  Safe & effective treatments are inexplicably being withheld. As you read this position paper you will encounter many similar examples of what appear to be willful misconduct across several topics. Asymptomatic Transmission is the basis for public health policies regarding masking and social distancing.read more Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  J Orthop Surg Res. 2020 Oct 21 ;15(1):484. Epub 2020 Oct 21. PMID: 33087158 Abstract Title:  Galuteolin suppresses proliferation and inflammation in TNF-α-induced RA-FLS cells by activating HMOX1 to regulate IKKβ/NF-κB pathway. Abstract:  OBJECTIVE: Galuteolin (Galu) is a substance extracted and purified from honeysuckle. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of Galu on the TNF-α-induced RA-FLS cells (synoviocytes) and reveal its potential molecular mechanism from the perspectives of anti-apoptosis and anti-inflammation.METHODS: After TNF-α stimulation, cell proliferation of RA-FLS was assessed by CCK-8 assay. TUNEL staining was used to detect the apoptosis. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of Iκκβ, p-p65, p65, p-IκB, IκB, Cleaved-caspase3, Caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax. HO-1 were determined by RT-PCR. The contents of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and MMP-1 were determined by ELISA.RESULTS: Galu significantly suppressed cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, Galu obviously promotes cell apoptosis rate of RA-FLS cells and elevated the expression levels of HO-1, caspase-3, and Bax, while reducing the expression level of Bcl-2. Furthermore, Galu apparently inhibited the levels of Iκκβ, p-p65, and p-IκB. Moreover, Galu also significantly reduced the levels of pro-inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and MMP-1 in RA-FLS cells.CONCLUSION: Galuteolin… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Neuromolecular Med. 2020 12 ;22(4):493-502. Epub 2020 Oct 21. PMID: 33085067 Abstract Title:  Galuteolin Inhibited Autophagy for Neuroprotection Against Transient Focal Cerebral Ischemia in Rats. Abstract:  Galuteolin, a Chinese herbal medicine, purified from Lonicera Japonica. In this study, we aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of galuteolin against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We administered galuteolin or galuteolin and rapamycin to rats which had middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R). A series of characterizations were carried out to monitor the outcomes of galuteolin in I/R rats regarding the infarct volumes, neurological deficits, and brain water, as well as its effect on neuroprotection and autophagy. It was found that galuteolin significantly reduced the infarct volume, brain water content, and the neurological deficits in a dose-dependent manner. Neuron damages were decreased in the hippocampal carotid artery 1 pyramidal layer by galuteolin. The expression levels of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) increased after galuteolin treatment. Galuteolin significantly decreased the expression levels of autophagy-related proteins. In addition, galuteolin decreased rapamycin-related neuron damages and activations of autophagy in I/R rats. Our data suggested that galuteolin can inhibit ischemic brain injuries through the regulation of autophagy-related indicators in I/R. read more Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  J Ethnopharmacol. 2021 Mar 1 ;267:113502. Epub 2020 Nov 12. PMID: 33189843 Abstract Title:  Anti-inflammatory property and functional substances of Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis. Abstract:  ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis, the dried stem and branch of Lonicera japonica Thunb., is a Chinese Materia Medica known as Ren Dong Teng in Chinese with long use history in the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescriptions. Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis possesses heat-clearing and detoxifying functions according to the TCM theory. In recent years, a large amount of experimental and clinical studies proved good anti-inflammatory effects of some heat-clearing and detoxifying herbs. The present study aims to reveal the anti-inflammatory property and functional substances of Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis.MATERIALS AND METHODS: For anti-inflammatory activity test, LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages, DSS-induced SPF male C57BL/6J mice model, and LPS-induced SPF male ICR mice model were used in vitro and in vivo, respectively. The behavioral changes, organ damage, and the expression of inflammatory factors such as TNT-α and IL-6 mRNA expression were measured for activity evaluation. Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis samples were prepared by solvent extraction and subsequent column chromatography. The main components were identified and determined using UPLC-UV analysis as well as NMR interpretation after purification.To testify the contribution of… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Phytother Res. 2021 Jan 23. Epub 2021 Jan 23. PMID: 33484196 Abstract Title:  Glycosides of Caulis Lonicerae inhibits the inflammatory proliferation of IL-1β-mediated fibroblast-like synovial cells cocultured with lymphocytes. Abstract:  Caulis Lonicerae, the dried stem of Lonicera japonica, has been confirmed to have antiinflammatory and antioxidant therapeutic effects. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the functional mechanism of glycosides extracted from Caulis Lonicerae on the inflammatory proliferation of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β)-mediated fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from rats. Rat FLSs (RSC-364) co-cultured with lymphocytes induced by IL-1β were used as a cell model. Glycosides in a freeze-dried powder of aqueous extract from Caulis Lonicerae were identified using high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization/mass spectrometry. After treatment with glycosides, the inflammatory proliferation of FLS, induced by IL-1β, decreased significantly. Flow cytometry analysis showed that treatment with glycosides restored the abnormal balance of T cells by intervening in the proliferation and differentiation of helper T (Th) cells. Glycosides also inhibited the activation of Janus kinase signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathways by suppressing the protein expression of key molecules in these pathways. Therefore, we concluded thatthe glycosides of Caulis Lonicerae can intervene in the differentiation of… Read more

    - CentreForResearchOnGlobalization

    Dear citizens : a lot of scientists, eminent professors in medicine and health professionals around the world denounced what is going on and it's time for you to wake up! Read more

    - CentreForResearchOnGlobalization
    The Covid Outbreak: "Biggest Health Scam of the 21st Century." Report by 1500 Health Professionals

    Originally published on www.globalresearch.caread more Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Biomed Res Int. 2021 ;2021:8878633. Epub 2021 Jan 2. PMID: 33490281 Abstract Title:  Protective Role of a New Polysaccharide Extracted fromin Mice with Ulcerative Colitis Induced by Dextran Sulphate Sodium. Abstract:  is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine for treating intestinal inflammation. The extraction method ofpolysaccharide (LJP) has been developed previously by our research group. In this study, a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR) was used to perform a qualitative analysis of LJP and a precolumn derivatization high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) ((Palo Alto, CA, USA) method was used to explore the monosaccharide composition of LJP. Then, we studied the effect of LJP on the intestinal flora and immune functions of dextran sulfate sodium- (DSS-) induced colitis ulcerative mouse models. The results showed that LJP was consisted of 6 types of monosaccharides and had the characteristic absorption of typical polysaccharides. LJP can increase significantly the weight, organ index, serum cytokines (interleukin, tumor necrosis factor, and interferon-), secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) concentration, and natural killer (NK) cell and cytotoxic lymphocyte (CTL) activities in DSS-treated mice. The results of intestinal flora showed that a high dose (150 mg kg) of LJP had the best effects on improving the intestinal probiotics (and) and antagonizing the pathogenic… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2006 Dec ;84(12):1267-73. PMID: 17487235 Abstract Title:  Morroniside and loganin extracted from Cornus officinalis have protective effects on rat mesangial cell proliferation exposed to advanced glycation end products by preventing oxidative stress. Abstract:  Advanced glycation end products (AGE) are involved in the alterations of renal mesangial cell (MCs) growth, a feature of early stages of diabetic nephropathy (DN). We postulate that morroniside and loganin, 2 components extracted from Cornus officinalis, may ameliorate the detrimental effects of AGE-induced MCs proliferation by preventing oxidative stress. Rat MCs cultured in AGE milieu were treated with morroniside and loganin. Results showed that morroniside and loganin inhibited AGE-induced MC proliferation as measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) method. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that the morroniside and loganin improved the morphological changes of MCs. Flow cytometric analysis showed that morroniside and loganin inhibited the cell cycle of rat MCs. Furthermore, the level of reactive oxygen species was significantly reduced, and the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase were markedly increased, whereas the level of malondialdehyde was not significantly reduced. These results suggest that morroniside and loganin regulate MC growth by preventing oxidative stress. Thus, this study provides a molecular basis for the… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Arch Pharm Res. 2009 May ;32(5):677-83. Epub 2009 May 27. PMID: 19471881 Abstract Title:  Cognitive-enhancing activity of loganin isolated from Cornus officinalis in scopolamine-induced amnesic mice. Abstract:  We examined anti-amnesic activity of the methanolic extract of Cornus officinalis fruits (COT) and a major constituent, loganin using scopolamine-induced (1 mg/kg body weight, s.c.) amnesic mice with both passive avoidance and the Morris water maze tests. Oral treatment of mice with COT (100 mg/kg body weight) and loganin (1 and 2 mg/kg body weight) significantly mitigated scopolamine-induced memory deficits in passive avoidance test. In the Morris water maze test, oral treatment of loganin significantly ameliorated scopolamine-induced memory deficits showing the formation of long-term and/or short-term spatial memory. Moreover, loganin (2 mg/kg body weight) significantly inhibited acetylcholinesterase activity by as much as 45% of control in the mouse hippocampus. These results indicate that loganin may exert antiamnesic activity in in vivo through acetylcholinesterase inhibition. read more Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Eur J Pharmacol. 2010 Dec 1 ;648(1-3):179-87. Epub 2010 Sep 15. PMID: 20826139 Abstract Title:  Evaluation of loganin, iridoid glycoside from Corni Fructus, on hepatic and renal glucolipotoxicity and inflammation in type 2 diabetic db/db mice. Abstract:  Previously, we have reported that Corni Fructus possessed hypoglycemic and hypocholesterolemic effects in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic rats and diet-induced hypercholesterolemic rats. Herein, we have focused on the effect and mechanism of loganin, a major iridoid glycoside of Corni Fructus, on the type 2 diabetic db/db mice. Loganin was orally administered to db/db mice at a dose of 20 or 100 mg/kg body weight daily for 8 weeks. The biochemical factors and expressions of protein and mRNA related to lipid metabolism, inflammation, advanced glycation endproducts, and its receptor were measured. In loganin-treated db/db mice, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia were ameliorated in both the serum and hepatic tissue; however, in the kidney, only triglyceride was reduced. The enhanced oxidative stress was alleviated by loganin through a decrease in thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (liver and kidney) and reactive oxygen species (serum, liver, and kidney), as well as augmentation of the oxidized to reduced glutathione ratio (liver and kidney). The marked lipid-regulatory effect of loganin was exerted… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Neurochem Int. 2011 Mar ;58(4):533-41. Epub 2011 Jan 15. PMID: 21241762 Abstract Title:  Loganin protects against hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis by inhibiting phosphorylation of JNK, p38, and ERK 1/2 MAPKs in SH-SY5Y cells. Abstract:  We investigated the mechanisms underlying the protective effects of loganin against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced neuronal toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. The neuroprotective effect of loganin was investigated by treating SH-SY5Y cells with H(2)O(2) and then measuring the reduction in H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis using 3-(4,5-dimethyl thiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assays. Following H(2)O(2) exposure, Hoechst 33258 staining indicated nuclear condensation in a large proportion of SH-SY5Y cells, along with an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and an intracellular decrease in mitochondria membrane potential (MMP). Loganin was effective in attenuating all the above-stated phenotypes induced by H(2)O(2). Pretreatment with loganin significantly increased cell viability, reduced H(2)O(2)-induced LDH release and ROS production, and effectively increased intracellular MMP. Pretreatment with loganin also significantly decreased the nuclear condensation induced by H(2)O(2). Western blot data revealed that loganin inhibited the H(2)O(2)-induced up-regulation of cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and cleaved caspase-3, increased the H(2)O(2)-induced decrease in the Bcl-2/Bax ratio, and attenuated the H(2)O(2)-induced release of cytochrome c from… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Toxicology. 2011 Nov 28 ;290(1):14-21. Epub 2011 Aug 12. PMID: 21864639 Abstract Title:  Hepato-protective effects of loganin, iridoid glycoside from Corni Fructus, against hyperglycemia-activated signaling pathway in liver of type 2 diabetic db/db mice. Abstract:  Accumulating evidence indicates that uncontrolled diabetes leads to the progression of diabetic complications such as liver disorder. The present study was carried out to elucidate the protective role of loganin extracted from Corni Fructus against hepatic oxidative stress caused by type 2 diabetes. Loganin (20 or 100mg/kg body weight/day, p.o.) was administered every day for 8 weeks to db/db mice, and its effect was assessed on comparison with vehicle-treated db/db and m/m mice. The administration of loganin led to a decrease in glucose and elevation of leptin in serum. The diabetic oxidative stress was attenuated by loganin through inhibitions of reactive oxygen species production and lipid peroxidation in the serum and liver. The expression of proteins induced by oxidative stress was significantly up-regulated in the liver of diabetic db/db mice; however, the expressions of both Nox-4 and p22(phox) were decreased significantly by loganin administration. Loganin showed a crucial effect in the inflammation-activated signaling pathway through the regulation of NF-κB, COX-2, and iNOS. It was… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Phytomedicine. 2012 Feb 15 ;19(3-4):217-22. Epub 2011 Oct 5. PMID: 21978885 Abstract Title:  Effect of loganin on experimental diabetic nephropathy. Abstract:  Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) plays a pathogenic role in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Loganin, an iridoid glucoside compound was isolated from Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc. This study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of loganin on DN and to elucidate the potential mechanism. High glucose (HG) stimulated cultured human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) analyzed CTGF expression by Western blotting and investigated whether extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway was involved. Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced experimental DN, randomized to receive intragastric (i.g.) of loganin. Renal tissue, blood and urine samples were collected to determine and analyze. In vitro study, loganin reduced CTGF excretion in HG-induced HK-2 cells through the ERK signaling pathway. In vivo study, I.g. of loganin 5 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg significantly ameliorated renal function and increased body weight. Meanwhile, loganin reduced renal CTGF expression by immunohistochemical staining, reduced serum levels of CTGF. Besides, there were no significant differences in blood sugar levels between the loganin groups compared to the STZ-treated group. Furthermore, loganin ameliorated renal pathology. These results suggested that loganin exerts an early renal… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Adv Pharm Bull. 2013 ;3(1):91-5. Epub 2013 Feb 7. PMID: 24312818 Abstract Title:  Effect of Acute Administration of loganin on Spatial Memory in Diabetic Male Rats. Abstract:  PURPOSE: Diabetes is associated with memory and learning disorder. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of acute oral administration of loganin on memory in diabetic male rats.METHODS: 42 male Wistar rats (250-300 g) were divided into six groups: Control, Diabetic (1 week), Diabetic (12 weeks), Loganin, Diabetic (1 week) + Loganin, Diabetic (12 weeks) + Loganin. Diabetes was induced by IP injection of Streptozotocin (60 mg/kg). Loganin (40 mg/kg, po) was administrated 1 hour before test. Then, spatial memory was compared between groups with Morris Water Maze tests.RESULTS: Administration of loganin during acquisition, significantly (pread more Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Life Sci. 2015 Feb 15 ;123:78-85. Epub 2015 Jan 23. PMID: 25623853 Abstract Title:  Loganin attenuates diabetic nephropathy in C57BL/6J mice with diabetes induced by streptozotocin and fed with diets containing high level of advanced glycation end products. Abstract:  AIMS: Diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease in patients with diabetes. Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) play a prominent role in the development of diabetic nephropathy. We herein evaluated the effects of loganin on diabetic nephropathy in vivo.MAIN METHODS: We established a diabetic nephropathy model in C57BL/6J mice with diabetes induced by streptozotocin and fed with diets containing high level of AGEs. Diabetic symptoms, renal functions, and pathohistology of pancreas and kidney were evaluated. AGE-RAGE pathway and oxidative stress parameters were determined.KEY FINDINGS: The model mice exhibited characteristic symptoms of diabetes including weight loss, polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, elevated blood glucose levels and low serum insulin levels during the experiments. However, loganin at doses of 0.02 and 0.1g/kg effectively improved these diabetic symptoms. Loganin reduced kidney/body weight ratio, 24h urine protein levels, and serum levels of urea nitrogen and creatinine in diabetic mice to different degrees compared to positive controls. Moreover, loganin improved the histology of pancreas… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Food Funct. 2015 Apr ;6(4):1108-16. PMID: 25778782 Abstract Title:  Neuroprotective effect of loganin against Aβ25-35-induced injury via the NF-κB-dependent signaling pathway in PC12 cells. Abstract:  Amyloid-beta (Aβ) protein, the main constituent of senile plaques, is believed to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD is closely associated with inflammatory reactions which are considered to be responses to Aβ deposition. The present study investigated the effect of loganin on Aβ25-35-induced inflammatory damage and the underlying molecular mechanism of its neuroprotective action. Loganin predominantly prevented Aβ25-35-stimulated cell death through suppressing ROS generation, and attenuating apoptosis by inhibiting caspase-3 activity and regulating cell cycle. Furthermore, loganin suppressed the level of TNF-α and protein expression of iNOS and COX-2 in Aβ25-35-injured PC12 cells. These inhibitions appeared to correlate with the suppression of NF-κB activation by loganin, as pre-treating cells with loganin blocked the translocation of NF-κB into the nuclearcompartment and degradation of the inhibitory subunit IκB. Loganin substantially inhibited phosphorylation of MAPKs including ERK1/2, p38 and JNK, which are closely related to regulation of NF-κB activation. Taken together, the results implied that loganin attenuated neuroinflammatory responses through the inactivation of NF-κB by NF-κB dependent inflammatory pathways and phosphorylation… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Eur J Pharmacol. 2015 Oct 15 ;765:541-50. Epub 2015 Sep 25. PMID: 26407655 Abstract Title:  Loganin protects against pancreatitis by inhibiting NF-κB activation. Abstract:  Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas, which, in its most severe form, is associated with multi-organ failure and death. Loganin, a major iridoid glycoside obtained from Corni fructus, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-shock effects. However, the effects of loganin on AP have not been determined. Pre-treatment of loganin reduced pancreatic damage and AP-associated lung injury and attenuated the severity of AP, as evidenced by (1) a reduction in several biochemical parameters (pancreatic weight to body weight ratio, myeloperoxidase activity, and level of amylase) and (2) production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. However, post-treatment of loganin failed to improve pancreatic damage and biochemical parameters of AP, but could inhibit the AP-induced elevation of IL-1β and TNF-α significantly. In addition, cerulein-induced activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB was inhibited in the pancreas by administration of loganin. In conclusion, these results suggest that loganin exhibits an anti-inflammatory effect in cases of AP and its pulmonary complications through inhibition of NF-κB activation. read more Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Phytother Res. 2016 Feb ;30(2):283-91. Epub 2015 Dec 1. PMID: 26619955 Abstract Title:  The Hypoglycemic and Synergistic Effect of Loganin, Morroniside, and Ursolic Acid Isolated from the Fruits of Cornus officinalis. Abstract:  Hypoglycemic activity-guided separation of ethanol extracts from the fruits of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc (CO) led to the isolation of loganin, morroniside, and ursolic acid. The antidiabetic capacity of CO extracts and related compounds was further investigated in diabetes mellitus mice. The results suggested that both CO extracts and pure compounds could ameliorate diabetes-associated damages and complications. Oral administration of loganin and morroniside decreased fasting blood glucose levels in diabetes mellitus mice. Ursolic acid exhibited the highest reactive oxygen species scavenging activity andα-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Notably, we noticed an interesting synergistic effect between loganin and ursolic acid. Given these favorable hypoglycemic properties, C. officinalis, a food and medicinal plant in China, may be used as a valuable food supplement for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. read more Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Int Immunopharmacol. 2016 Jul ;36:173-179. Epub 2016 May 4. PMID: 27155393 Abstract Title:  Loganin inhibits the inflammatory response in mouse 3T3L1 adipocytes and mouse model. Abstract:  Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the vascular walls. ApoCIII is an independent factor which promotes atherosclerotic processes. This study aimed to investigate whether Loganin administration inhibits the inflammatory response in vitro and in vivo. In the apoCIII-induced mouse adipocytes, the levels of cytokines, including TNF-α, MCP-1 and IL-6 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and their gene expressions were measured through RT-PCR. The phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) proteins was analyzed by Western blotting. Our results showed that Loganin markedly decreased TNF-α, MCP-1 and IL-6 concentrations as well as their gene expressions. Western blotting analysis indicated that Loganin suppressed the activation of NF-κB signaling. In the Tyloxapol-treated mouse model, Loganin reduced the contents of TC and TG in mouse serum. The results of Oil Red-O Staining showed that Loganin reducedthe production of lipid droplets. So it is suggested that Loganin might be a potential therapeutic agent for preventing the inflammation stress in vitro and in vivo. read more Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Pharmacol Res. 2016 09 ;111:58-75. Epub 2016 May 27. PMID: 27241020 Abstract Title:  Loganin possesses neuroprotective properties, restores SMN protein and activates protein synthesis positive regulator Akt/mTOR in experimental models of spinal muscular atrophy. Abstract:  Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor neurons degeneration and muscular atrophy. There is no effective SMA treatment. Loganin is a botanical candidate with anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, glucose-lowering and anti-diabetic nephropathy activities. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential protective effects of loganin on SMA using two cellular models, SMN-deficient NSC34 cells and SMA patient fibroblasts, and an animal disease model, SMAΔ7 mice. In SMN-deficient NSC34 cells, loganin increased cell viability, neurite length, and expressions of SMN, Gemin2, SMN-Gemin2 complex, p-Akt, p-GSK-3β, p-CREB, BDNF and Bcl-2. However, both AG1024 (IGF-1 R antagonist) and IGF-1 R siRNA attenuated the protective effects of loganin on SMN level and cell viability in SMN-deficient NSC34 cells. In SMA patient fibroblasts, loganin up-regulated levels of SMN, FL-SMN2, and Gemins, increased numbers of SMN-containing nuclear gems, modulated splicing factors, and up-regulated p-Akt. Furthermore, in the brain, spinal cord and gastrocnemius muscle of SMAΔ7 mice, loganin up-regulated the expressions of SMN and p-Akt.… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Physiol Behav. 2017 03 15 ;171:243-248. Epub 2017 Jan 6. PMID: 28069458 Abstract Title:  Loganin enhances long-term potentiation and recovers scopolamine-induced learning and memory impairments. Abstract:  Although the incidence rate of dementia is rapidly growing in the aged population, therapeutic and preventive reagents are still suboptimal. Various model systems are used for the development of such reagents in which scopolamine is one of the favorable pharmacological tools widely applied. Loganin is a major iridoid glycoside obtained from Corni fructus (Cornusofficinalis et Zucc) and demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and osteoporosis prevention effects. It has also been found to attenuate Aβ-induced inflammatory reactions and ameliorate memory deficits induced by scopolamine. However, there has been limited information available on how loganin affects learning and memory both electrophysiologically and behaviorally. To assess its effect on learning and memory, we investigated the influence of acute loganin administration on long-term potentiation (LTP) using organotypic cultured hippocampal tissues. In addition, we measured the effects of loganin on the behavior performance related to avoidance memory, short-term spatial navigation memory and long-term spatial learning and memory in the passive avoidance, Y-maze, and Morris water maze learning paradigms, respectively. Loganin dose-dependently increased the total activity of fEPSP after… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  J Cell Biochem. 2017 10 ;118(10):3495-3510. Epub 2017 May 16. PMID: 28338241 Abstract Title:  Neuroprotective Effects of Loganin on MPTP-Induced Parkinson's Disease Mice: Neurochemistry, Glial Reaction and Autophagy Studies. Abstract:  Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, involving resting tremor and bradykinesia, for which no recognized therapies or drugs are available to halt or slow progression. In recent years, natural botanic products have been considered relatively safe, with limited side effects, and are expected to become an important source for clinical mediation of PD in the future. Our study focuses on the ability of loganin, a compound derived from fruits of cornus, to mediate neuroprotection in a mouse model of PD. Mice were administered 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) with a dosage of 30 mg/kg daily for 5 days to establish a subacute PD model and treated with loganin. Locomotor activity was assessed by a pole test, then mice were euthanized at 1 and 3 days after the last treatment, and brain tissue was prepared for subsequent assays. Loganin rescued decrease of dopamine levels and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) expression in the striatum, and shortened total locomotor activity (TLA) time of mice. Furthermore, loganin alleviated microglia and astrocyte activation, and suppressed TNF-α and… Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  PLoS One. 2017 ;12(5):e0176965. Epub 2017 May 5. PMID: 28475649 Abstract Title:  Blocking Smad2 signalling with loganin attenuates SW10 cell cycle arrest induced by TNF-α. Abstract:  The activity of Schwann cells (SWCs) is very important in trauma-induced nerve repair, and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) produced during tissue injury inhibits the viability of SWCs, which delays the repair of peripheral nerves. Loganin is an iridoid glycoside that has been shown to alleviate a variety of cytotoxic effects. In the current study, we evaluated the potential efficacy and the mechanism of action of loganin in TNF-α-induced cytotoxicity in SW10 cells. The experimental results indicated that loganin blocked TNF-α-mediated Smad2 activation, downregulated the expression of the G1 phase cell cycle inhibitor p15IN4KB, and upregulated the expression of the G1 phase cell cycle activator cyclinD1-CDK4/6, which upregulated E2F-1-dependent survivin expression and relieved TNF-α-induced apoptosis in SW10 cells. The protective effect of loganin on SWCs has potential medicinal value in the promotion of peripheral nerve repair and is significant for studies in the field of tissue regeneration. read more Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2017 Oct ;81(10):1973-1977. Epub 2017 Aug 22. PMID: 28828930 Abstract Title:  Variation of loganin content in Cornus officinalis fruits at different extraction conditions and maturation stages. Abstract:  Efficient preparation of loganin from Cornus officinalis fruits was investigated. First, effect of extraction conditions on loganin yield was measured. The loganin content in C. officinalis extract was greatly affected by ethanol concentration and extraction time whereas extraction temperature exerted relatively little effect. Response surface methodology with Box-Behnken design suggested optimized extraction condition for maximum loganin yield as ethanol concentration, 32.0%; temperature 46.2 °C and extraction time, 46.7 min, which yielded 10.4 μg loganin/mg dried fruit. Next, the effect of maturation stage of C. officinalis fruits on loganin content was investigated. The loganin content in the extract of C. officinalis fruits was decreased as the maturation process. The loganin content in the unripe fruits was 18.0 μg/mg extract whereas reduced to 13.3 μg/mg extract for ripe fruits. Taken together, our present study suggested the importance of extraction condition and maturation stages for efficient preparation of loganin from C. officinalis fruits. read more Read more

    - greenmedinfo

    PMID:  Physiol Int. 2018 Jun 1 ;105(2):116-126. PMID: 29975123 Abstract Title:  Impact of loganin on pro-inflammatory cytokines and depression- and anxiety-like behaviors in male diabetic rats. Abstract:  Behavioral disturbances are observed in most patients suffering from diabetes. According to some evidence, pro-inflammatory cytokines have a key role both in diabetes and behavioral disorders, such as anxiety and depression. In this study, the effect of chronic administration of loganin, as a bioflavonoid, was investigated on pro-inflammatory cytokines and depression- and anxiety-like behaviors in streptozotocin-induced diabetes in male Wistar rats. Blood levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Depression- and anxiety-like behaviors were evaluated by forced swimming test (FST), elevated plus maze (EPM), and open field test (OFT), respectively. Body weight was also measured before the interventions and after the experiments in all groups. Our findings show that loganin-treated animals had significantly lower serum concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α compared with the diabetic group. In the EPM test, loganin treatment significantly increased the percentage of the open arm time and open arm entries. Moreover, loganin treatmentsignificantly decreased the grooming time and restored distance traveled and center crossing in the OFT. However, it decreased… Read more

    - GiorgioAgamben
    Biosecurity and Politics (Giorgio Agamben)

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